Princess diamond shape
Princess cut is the most favorite square shaped diamond, occasionally mounted on the engagement ring to replace a gleaming Brilliant diamond. The facets and sharp edges draw a clear shape outline simultaneously introducing a trend of brilliant cutting. However, the glow is weaker than Round diamond's and Princess was initially viewed as avant-garde style, but still today, Princess diamond shape holds the second position among the diamonds due to its popularity. The reason for this could be the expiry of patent protection passed in the 90s, which allowed free manufactures of Princess shape diamonds. Another is the fact that the Princess shape has the highest cutting efficiency in relation to the obtained carat weight. The Princess shape has good optical attributes so it greatly reflects light creating a better sparkling effect and the processing efficiency from a rough stone is much higher as already mentioned. Altogether, the outcome is a lower cost per piece compared to the Round brilliant shapes. Besides the price, modern look also contributed to the growing popularity of this cut that beat the competitive square-shapes: Asscher and Radiant diamonds. Beneficial resistance to scratches or surface blemishes also provides them a huge advantage in comparison to the noted cuts.
Presupposition for a Princess cut has roots in the year 1961 when a London cutter Aprad Nagy formed the Profile Cut. It is quite different from the Princess and it was utilized for flat diamonds because such cut technique greatly contributed to the overall glitter. His cut hasn't restricted any type of shape for application and some of the new famous, derived diamond shapes are originally named and categorized as Profile cut. Progressive Princess shape was modernized a decade later, in 1971 and it's credited to celebrated African brillianteer Basil Watermeyer from Johannesburg. His Barion Cut was named by combining the first names of spouses, famous cutter and his wife Marion. Shape is octagonal or square, a typical inner cross is easily noticed when watching what is new for the former diamonds.
Square or rectangular shapes with aspect ratios from 1 to 1.15 are commonly used in order to appear square to the beholder. Every ratio of Princess diamond's length to width outline greater than 1 is rectangle while the exact 1:1 proportions stand for the traditional squared shapes. At the same time it represents a perfect Princess diamond but the rectangular shape is often set to create the appearance of longer fingers, or to fit better with sidestones when the Princess is a center diamond.
The diamond cutters integrated the techniques of cutting and so in the 70's of the last century a new promising shape was born. The most common shape design is the one with 76 facets, as the creator has suggested. Nevertheless, there are several cut versions based on pavilion, from 50 or 58 up to 144 facets. Squared shape diamonds occasionally have a big issue since they look unattractive and boring to the buyers or observer. That's solved with fewer facets- usually a higher number means a higher glow. The crown with 21 and girdle with 4 parts are generally fixed while the 'V' pavilion facet number changes considering the cut type. Wide pavilion holds the most of the weight taking the important carats from the lower part of diamond at the same time. It means diamond shape of an inverted pyramid may demand a higher carat weight in order to bring the same impression as lighter diamonds. The earlier Princess diamonds had step-facets while newer have vertical ones. Cut processing a loose Princess shape takes up to 40% of the rough diamond which isn't bad at all. A piece of diamond is generally combined while cutting to acquire a pair of Princess diamonds which further increases usability. The common depth percentages are around 70, larger numbers stand for shorter and thicker diamonds with equal carat weight. It's suggested to choose a shallow diamond with Slightly Imperfect clarity grade or greater.
The four pointed corners of this cut are prone to chipping and cracking so Princess diamonds are often produced in a tapered corners shape with extra protection to avoid damages and make the diamond eternal. Pointed corners can be simply chipped and any damage greatly reduces the value of a diamond. The edges are more often than not wrapped with a V-prong, any existing deficiencies may disappear when a loose diamond is mounted. When buying a Princess cut diamond, do not take K or lower class corresponding to GIA's color grading scale because yellowish edges could be faintly seen and distort the visual impression. The good thing about Princess diamond shape is composition and integration with cheaper or less generous cuts in expensive jewelry. With regard to your budget and taste, a Princess shape diamond may be the ideal choice since its cut is quite cheaper than others. Always analyze a diamond that could be potentially yours before buying it, any blemishes such as pits, nicks, scratches, and so on must be specified in the quality class. Nowadays, frequent use as a beautiful three stone and side stone rings, solitaire engagement rings and earrings launched Princess to be the second best-selling diamond shape in the world!